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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-111

Assessment of preventive dental care among dental students and dental professionals in India: A knowledge, attitude, and practice study

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
2 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, SDKS, Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Dental Surgery, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Santosh Dental College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rupali Mahajan
Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur -152 002, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2454-3160.177942

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Aim: Knowledge and oral health behavior of dental students and professionals play an important role in oral health education of patients and community at large. It is therefore important that their own oral health behavior conforms to expectations of the population. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAPs) among dental students and dental professionals. Materials and Methods: In the present study, KAPs of 560 dental students and professionals (postgraduate [PG] students and dental faculty) was explored. The participants were divided into three groups based on their level of education. Group 1 included undergraduate students and interns, Group 2 included PG students, and Group 3 included teaching faculty. Group 1 was further divided into UG1 (BDS 1 st year), UG2 (BDS 2 nd year), UG3 (BDS 3 rd year), UG4 (BDS 4 th year), and UG5 (Interns). A number of participants in each group were 80. Statistical Analysis: Kruskal-Wallis test was used for intergroup comparison and Mann-Whitney test was used for intragroup comparison. Result: Results showed that as the education level increased from junior students to senior students to teaching faculty, the mean score of positive responses increased in all the components (KAP), and the values are statistically significant (P < 0.005) and this increase in the KAP was not up to the expected level. Conclusion: The finding of the present study indicated the poor oral health behaviors (KAP) among dental students and dental professionals, which should be improved in order to serve as a positive model for their patients, family, and friends.

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